How To Write Freestyle Poetry

How to Write Freestyle Poetry

Freestyle poetry is an offshoot of rap music, but with a focus on verbal fluency and original composition. In freestyle poetry, the skillful use of words and the expression of emotion are of the utmost importance. Freestyle poets must create their own verses and themes, often on the spot, and the goal is to paint vivid and interesting pictures through the power of their words.

Although freestyle poetry is an art form, it is complex and often difficult to create verses that flow properly and hit their mark. Fortunately, there are some strategies that could help beginner poets to write effective freestyle verses.


The best way to get started on freestyle poetry is to familiarize yourself with the basics. Poets should learn about good breath control and a steady rhythm, as rhythm is the foundation of any piece. It’s also important to listen to good freestyle poetry, as this can be used as inspiration for composition. Evaluating the work of other well-established freestyle poets will help to develop an understanding of which devices work best and the impact they can have.

Poets should always come to the canvas with an idea of what they want to write about. Brainstorming and jotting down words or ideas related to a particular topic might also be helpful. Finally, half rhymes, puns and projections can be used to create a unique look and feel.

Rhythm and Flow

Once the basics have been mastered, the next step is to work on the rhythm and flow of the poem. A great way to ensure the poem’s rhythm moves smoothly is to read it aloud to the beat. Freestyle poets should strive for a balanced sound and a good balance between the way their words fit into the beat. Second, poets should never limit themselves to one line length, as this can lead to repetition. Instead, they should be prepared to change rhythm as necessary.

One of the keys to creating a successful freestyle poem is to not be afraid to experiment. Poets should not set limits on what they can experiment with, such as changes in tempo or combinations of different rhyme schemes. It is also important to avoid clichés and overused words, as these can weaken the impact of the finished product.


In freestyle poetry, performance can make all the difference between a good poem and a great poem. To ensure a captivating performance, poets should practice their delivery. They should work on projection and enunciation, making sure that every word can be heard and understood, as well as on their body language. Poets should also look for ways to make their performances unique, as this can help to create a lasting impression.

Live Performances and Crowd Engagement

Live performances and crowd engagement are an integral part of freestyle poetry and can be a great opportunity for growth. When freestyling in front of an audience, the poet should look for cues in the crowd to help them determine which direction to go. They should also be ready to ad lib if necessary. Doing so can help poets to create a more captivating performance and to connect with the audience.

Crowd Interaction

For a successful live performance, crowd interaction is key. Poets should be conscious of the audience’s reactions and try to engage with them. Gestures like hand clapping or foot stomping, as well as inviting the audience to join in the performance, can help create an energetic atmosphere. Finally, it’s also important to acknowledge the audience at the end of the performance with a bow or a round of applause.

Written Freestyle Poetry

Although freestyle poetry is usually performed on stage, poets can also write freestyle verses on paper. In this case, the same techniques and processes that are used in performance poetry should be used. Poets should brainstorm ideas, use interesting words and choose their rhymes and projection patterns carefully. Poets should also read their work out loud and listen to other freestyle poets in order to get a better understanding of how their words should sound on stage.

Use of Metaphors

In freestyle poetry, metaphors are a great way for the poet to express their ideas and feelings, as well as to engage the audience. Metaphors can be used to create imagery in the reader’s mind, and to create an unexpected twist in the poem. Poets should be creative when composing metaphors, as this can help to make their performances stand out.

Inclusion of Wordplay

Wordplay is another common freestyle technique which can be used to craft a unique and memorable piece. By playing with words, poets can create a sense of playfulness and humor in their work. Poets should be careful not to overdo it, however, as this can lead to confusion or a lack of clarity in their verses.


Freestyle poetry can also be used as a means of storytelling, as this allows poets to express their ideas in a more creative and vivid way. Storytelling adds a sense of structure to the poem and can help poets to convey complex ideas and emotions to the audience. When telling a story through freestyle poetry, poets should be careful to ensure their narrative flows properly and that their message is clear.

Use of Slang

Slang can be used to add an edge to a freestyle poem, as this can create a sense of realism and evoke a particular emotion. Slang is highly effective in the freestyle realm, as it allows the poet to deviate from standard syntax and incorporate a more natural conversational style. However, it’s important to be mindful of the context and audience before using slang, as this can make or break a performance.

Minnie Walters is a passionate writer and lover of poetry. She has a deep knowledge and appreciation for the work of famous poets such as William Wordsworth, Emily Dickinson, Robert Frost, and many more. She hopes you will also fall in love with poetry!

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