When Was Democracy By Langston Hughes Written

Langston Hughes’ Democracy

Langston Hughes’ poem, “Democracy”, was first published in the year 1951, during a time of great social and political upheaval. Hughes, an African American living in the United States, had an accessible, dynamic style of poetry that often expressed the joys and struggles of black life in America.

In his poem, Hughes calls on his audience to strive together in order to bring about a more equitable democracy. The poem’s working title was “One America”, suggesting that Hughes sought to call upon Americans to uphold the values of justice and equity that democracy prizes.

However, the poem also alludes to the realities of the time. African Americans were denied basic civil rights despite the principles of the Declaration of Independence, and so Hughes’ words are a call for the nation to live up to its own ideals.

“Democracy” is a powerful poem that draws on imagery from the natural world, exploration and adventure, and America’s rich cultural history. In its nine verses it speaks of the need for bravery, hard work and resilience in the struggle for progress and justice. In it Hughes states: “ Democracy will not come Today, this year Nor ever Through compromise and fear”, yet he believes that the “Spirit” of democracy will be victorious.

The poem challenges the nation to live up to its ideals and to “forge ahead,” echoing the optimistic vision of many of the founding fathers. Hughes’ belief in the promise of democracy resonates with readers even today, as America still struggles to overcome the injustice and inequality experienced by communities of color.

An Act of Resistance

In 1951, the Civil Rights Movement was far from its dawn. African Americans faced Jim Crow laws and segregation, facing discrimination and exclusion in daily life. That same year, the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History published The American Negro: Who He Was, What He Did, and What He Can Become. This work, edited by Langston Hughes, offered an alternative narrative to those advancing the notion of racial inferiority in the white supremacist worldview.

Hughes’ “Democracy” was a rejection of the status quo, a call for a re-examination of the principles of justice held dear by the nation. Radical in its unapologetic optimism and its faith in progress, the poem is an act of resistance against decades of racism and bigotry.
In “Democracy” Hughes recalls his own experiences as an African American writer living in the US. He muses on the potential of American democracy, acknowledging the need for citizens to be brave and determined in the fight for a more equitable society. This poem is an affirmation of the power of hope and perseverance, in the face of injustice.

Reception and Legacy

Langston Hughes’ “Democracy” is widely considered among his most impactful works. The poem is studied in schools and universities across the United States today, as well as being included in various anthologies of poetry. It is often seen as representative of Hughes’ genius and of his commitment to the struggle for civil rights.

The poem has been referenced and quoted by presidents and civil rights activists alike, and is seen as encapsulating the power and potential of the US to realize an egalitarian, democratic society.
The poem has also appeared in works of popular culture and has been the source of inspiration for musicians and other artists. As a landmark work of poetry, “Democracy” has been influential in advancing the cause of civil rights and promoting the power of hope.

The Message of Democracy

In “Democracy”, Langton Hughes outlines a powerful and inspiring vision for progress in America. The poem calls for courage and determination and speaks to the power of the collective spirit of solidarity and compassion. By acknowledging the difficult reality of African American life, but standing firm in the conviction of potential for a brighter future, Hughes creates a work of beauty and resilience.

The poem has been an inspiration to many who see in it a call to action, an example of not only perseverence in the face of adversity but also achievement. Hughes was a prolific writer, but “Democracy” stands out as an iconic work that speaks to the promise of a more equitable and just America.

The Poetry of Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes was an accomplished poet and playwright who was hugely influential in the Harlem Renaissance. His writing was accessible and powerful, resonating with audiences and inspiring hope and courage in his readers. With works such as The Weary Blues, The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain and “Let America be America Again”, Hughes spoke to the essential nature of freedom and equality in American life.

The success of these works was accompanied by an immense volume of critical and popular interest, and the poet shared his passion for literature and social justice with esteemed writers such as William Du Bois and Carl Van Vechten. He was a prolific writer and a dedicated and passionate advocate for the rights of African Americans, and his poetry continues to inspire readers today.

His Influences

Langston Hughes was influenced by a diverse range of writers, and his writing was deeply informed by the literature of the Harlem Renaissance. Writers such as Jean Toomer and W.E.B Dubois profoundly impacted Hughes’ work, as did influences from the broader world of literary history.

It is clear that Hughes was also influenced by his own experiences, particularly his encounters with racism and segregation. His language was resonant and powerful, utilizing vivid imagery to convey both the angst and joy of black life in America. His writing is suffused with emotion, and this has been a major factor in its enduring appeal.

The Power of Langston Hughes’ Poetry

It is arguable that no other poet has had the same level of impact on the African American experience as Langston Hughes. His work speaks to the struggles of oppression, discrimination and segregation and calls for progress, justice and hope. His accessibility, sincerity and passion for literature has won him legions of fans around the world.
At a time of great challenge to the nation, “Democracy” encapsulated the spirit of struggle and determination of the African American people. It is a powerful poem of optimism that speaks to the immense potential of human endeavour, and this has been instrumental in inspiring people in their quest for justice and equity.

The Relevance of “Democracy” Today

The legacy of Langston Hughes lives on today in his iconic works such as “Democracy”. While much progress has been made in terms of civil rights, racism and bigotry remain the stubborn enemies of justice and equity. His words continue to serve as an example and an inspiration, challenging us to seek out justice and strive for a more equitable society.

“Democracy” speaks to the power of perseverance and resilience, and communicates the need for bravery and solidarity as we continue the struggle for civil rights. In his poem Hughes boldly declares: “Democracy will not come/ In a day or a year/ But someday it will come/For this we must pray”. These words are as resonant today as when they were first written, and serve as a reminder that the fight for progress must be fought with courage and hope.

Dannah Hannah is an established poet and author who loves to write about the beauty and power of poetry. She has published several collections of her own works, as well as articles and reviews on poets she admires. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English, with a specialization in poetics, from the University of Toronto. Hannah was also a panelist for the 2017 Futurepoem book Poetry + Social Justice, which aimed to bring attention to activism through poetry. She lives in Toronto, Canada, where she continues to write and explore the depths of poetry and its influence on our lives.

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